Eluru district is carved out of the part of old West Godavari District along with 8 mandals from old Krishna District total with 28 mandals and 3 Revenue divisions named as “Eluru District” with Headquarters at ELURU and came into existence in the year 2022. The Geographical, Topographic, Demographic and other socio economic aspects of the Eluru District are detailed here under.
The District is bounded by the following places and features on all the four sides.
East : Rajahmundry District
West : Krishna District
North: Khammam District
South: Krishna District
The District is situated in tropical region between 16o – 15′ -00″ to 17o -30′-00″ Northern latitude and 80o – 55′ -00″ to 81o – 55‟ – 00” Eastern Longitude. It can be divided into three natural regions viz., Delta, Upland and Agency areas.
The district occupies an area of 6413 km2 . The district is bounded by Khammam District on the north, Bay of Bengal on the south. Tammileru River and Kolleru LAke separates it from Krishna District on the west. Yerrakaluva and Tammileru. Eluru canal, Vijayarai Anicut, Tammileru, Jalleru and Yerrakaluva reservoirs are the source of irrigation
In Eluru District, the climate is moderate both in winter and summer seasons in delta area. In the non-delta area of the district, the heat in the summer is severe especially in the tracts of upland and agency areas. The normal maximum and minimum temperatures recorded in the District are 36.20C to 19.90C respectively. The maximum temperature is usually recorded in the months of April and May. The District receives its rainfall mostly and predominantly from South West as well as North East monsoon, whose normal rainfall is 791.9 mm and 239.3 mm respectively. The receipt of actual rainfall during 2019-20 from South West monsoon is 705.02 m.m, while 185.9 mm from North East monsoon. The agriculture activity in the District is deplorable owing to gambling monsoons, unreliable rainfall and much dependence on tanks, wells and M.I.Sources for irrigation in upland and agency areas.
The District occupies an area of 6411.56 square K.Ms. with a density of 312 per Sq. K.M. It accounts 3.9 % of the total area of the State. There are as many as 655 Revenue villages exist in the district, of which 624 villages are inhabited while the balance 31 are uninhabited. There are a total number of 550 Gram Panchayats in the district. The Physical characteristics, natural resources and potentialities of the mandals in the District are not homogeneous. As per 2011 census, the total population of the District is 20,02,658. It accounts for 4.04 % of the total population of the State. The female population of the District is 10,02,389 and this forms 50.05 % of the District and 4.05 % of the State Female Population. According to 2011 census, rural population of the District is 16,18,288 and it constitutes 80.70 % of the District population and 4.63 % to that of State rural population. Similarly, the urban population of the District spread over in 4 towns is
3,84,370 forming 19.30 % of the District population and 2.63 % of the State urban population. As regards community wise population, the SC population of the District is 4,38,087 which is 21.87 % of the District population and 5.17 % of the State total S.C. Population. Similarly, the S.T. Population of the District is 1,21,973 and it accounts for 6.09 % of the District and 4.45 % of the State S.T. Population. The decennial growth of population in the District from 2001 census to 2011 census was 3.5 %. The density of population according 2011 census is 312 per Sq.km, whereas it was 304 per Sq. K.M. for the State. The Literacy rate of the District is 71.44 % which is higher than the State literacy rate of 67.35%. The sex ratio of the District is 1002 females per 1,000 males as against 997 of the State. The number of workers as arrived at in 2011 census is 9,65,123 forming 48.19 % of total population of the District and 1.95 % of the State total population.