The District occupies an area of 6411.56 square K.Ms. with a density of 312 per Sq. K.M. It accounts 3.9 % of the total area of the State. There are as many as 655 Revenue villages exist in the district, of which 624 villages are inhabited while the balance 31 are uninhabited. There are a total number of 550 Gram Panchayats in the district. The Physical characteristics, natural resources and potentialities of the mandals in the District are not homogeneous. As per 2011 census, the total population of the District is 20,02,658. It accounts for 4.04 % of the total population of the State. The female population of the District is 10,02,389 and this forms 50.05 % of the District and 4.05 % of the State Female Population. According to 2011 census, rural population of the District is 16,18,288 and it constitutes 80.70 % of the District population and 4.63 % to that of State rural population. Similarly, the urban population of the District spread over in 4 towns is 3,84,370 forming 19.30 % of the District population and 2.63 % of the State urban population. As regards community wise population, the SC population of the District is 4,38,087 which is 21.87 % of the District population and 5.17 % of the State total S.C. Population. Similarly, the S.T. Population of the District is 1,21,973 and it accounts for 6.09 % of the District and 4.45 % of the State S.T. Population. The decennial growth of population in the District from 2001 census to 2011 census was 3.5 %. The density of population according 2011 census is 312 per Sq.km, whereas it was 304 per Sq. K.M. for the State. The Literacy rate of the District is 71.44 % which is higher than the State literacy rate of 67.35%. The sex ratio of the District is 1002 females per 1,000 males as against 997 of the State. The number of workers as arrived at in 2011 census is 9,65,123 forming 48.19 % of total population of the District and 1.95 % of the State total population.